What Is Semolina Flour? Uses and Health Benefits
Semolina flour is made from wheat, the complex variety called durum wheat. This wheat is known as semolina flour when milled. It is golden and darker than all-purpose flour. Semolina is commonly used to make porridge, pasta, and bread.
Nutrition of Semolina Flour
There are nutrients in semolina flour in different proportions. A 167-gram serving of semolina flour, which is equivalent to 1 cup, has the following:
- Folate: 306 micrograms
- Iron: 7.28 milligrams
- Dietary fiber: 6.51 grams
- Fat: 1.75 gram
- Protein: 21.2 grams
- Calories: 601
Health Benefits of Semolina Flour
The nutrition of semolina flour makes for an exciting health benefit. Below are some of its health benefits:
1. Support heart health
A diet that is fiber-rich can minimize the risk of heart conditions. According to research, people who consume the highest amount of fiber have a reduced risk of heart attack compared to others with low consumption. Fiber may support heart health by lowering inflammation, blood pressure, and bad cholesterol (LDL).
Furthermore, folate and magnesium are some heart-healthy nutrients in semolina flour. Consumption of diets that contain these nutrients also supports heart health. There is a reduced risk of stroke and heart attack in people with higher intakes of folate and magnesium-rich diets than those who consume them less.
2. It may promote weight loss
Several nutrients in semolina may help support weight loss. Fifty-six grams of uncooked semolina contain a healthy amount of RDI fiber, lacking in many diets. According to research, a fiber-rich diet is associated with lower body weight and weight loss. It also helps prevent weight gain because its intake reduces the feeling of hunger.
Additionally, semolina is rich in protein, and you may experience weight loss when you increase the amount of protein in your diet. A high-protein diet results in more weight loss when compared with diets containing standard protein. There is improved body composition, increased fat loss, and reduced hunger when you increase the amount of protein in your diet.
3.Supports the digestive system
One of the many benefits of dietary fiber is improved digestion. The intake of semolina, which contains this nutrient in a reasonable amount, helps stimulate the development of friendly bacteria in the gut. Metabolism, immune health, and optimal digestion are affected by a balance of healthy gut bacteria.
Furthermore, fiber intake may help treat constipation by enhancing regular bowel movements. It has been shown that people who consume more whole-grain fiber experience less bloating and improvements in constipation. By promoting regular bowel movements and stimulating the growth of healthy bacteria in the gut, the fiber content of semolina supports digestive health.
4. It may improve blood sugar control
The high levels of dietary fiber and magnesium in semolina may contribute to improved blood sugar control. Maintaining a healthy blood sugar level is essential because it helps reduce heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
The response of your cells to the hormone insulin, which controls your blood sugar levels, may be improved by magnesium. Some studies have shown a decreased risk of diabetes in people who consume diets high in magnesium.
The nutrient fiber, crucial for maintaining healthy blood sugar levels, is present in semolina. Fiber reduces how quickly carbohydrates are absorbed into your bloodstream, preventing blood sugar spikes after meals. Additionally, it can lower blood sugar levels.
5. Rich in iron
Iron is an essential mineral that is necessary for many bodily processes. Its functions include;
- facilitating DNA synthesis,
- facilitating oxygen transport through the bloodstream,
- supporting immune system function, and
- contributing to growth and development.
An excellent source of this essential iron is Semolina.
A lack of dietary iron can prevent the body from producing enough red blood cells, which can trigger the development of iron deficiency anemia. The most common micronutrient deficiency is iron deficiency, which is widespread globally. Increasing your intake of foods high in iron is advised to reduce this risk and the ensuing anemia.
Semolina, like other plant-based sources, contains non-heme iron, which cannot be absorbed, and heme iron is found in foods derived from animals, like meat, poultry, and fish. Nevertheless, meals made with semolina can promote the enhanced absorption of non-heme iron by including foods high in vitamin C, such as berries, citrus fruits, and tomatoes.
Uses of Semolina Flour
Semolina has a high concentration of gluten, a protein that gives bread, pasta, and baked goods their structure. Semolina is one of the best flour choices for pasta because of its stretchy and tough texture.
You can use semolina in the following ways:
- To give bread dough a crunchy texture, add a couple of teaspoons.
- Mix it with hot milk, honey, and vanilla extract to make a delicious dessert custard or hot cereal.
- To give dough-based recipes more crispiness, replace regular flour with semolina.
- Use it to add thickness to sauces or stews.
- Before roasting, sprinkle it over the potatoes to increase their crunch.
- Semolina is conveniently available in many grocery stores and is frequently found next to all-purpose flour and specialty grains. It can also be purchased online.
- Keeping semolina in your refrigerator in an airtight container is best to maintain its freshness.
Semolina is a type of flour made from ground durum wheat. It contains a lot of protein, fiber, and B vitamins, which may help with digestion, cardiovascular health, and weight management. Semolina can generally be consumed without any problems by most people, but a small percentage of people may be intolerant to it because it contains gluten or wheat.