How To Determine The Quality Of Wheat
Wheat is the staple food grain available in different shapes, sizes, colors across the globe. Wheat grains can be consumed in multiple ways. You can have it either as whole grains, or you can mill them into flour. Wheat grain flour is healthy and used for preparing bread, cookies, scones, and various other items. Wheat grains are highly nutritious. You might be surprised to know that there are over 3000 varieties of wheat grain cultivated worldwide. While you plan to consume wheat grains, you need to know how to determine their quality. Consuming high-quality wheat grains (in any form) will be beneficial. High-quality wheat grains will have proper nutrients that will help you maintain your overall health.
If you are not buying high-quality wheat grains, the food items you prepare will not be tasty or nutritious. So is there a way to determine the quality of the wheat grains?
Yes! There are a few parameters that will help you determine the quality of the wheat.
#1 The Wheat Grain Hardness Measurement
The hardness measurement of the wheat grain is most important. The hardness is determined with the help of artificial intelligence. If the hardness of the wheat grain is high, it is healthy. A healthy wheat grain will have better milling features and can be used for a wide range of baking. If the hardness measurement is not very high, the wheat grain will have a slight softness. It shows that the flour is not milled effectively. If the wheat grains are not milled properly, the flour will not have a long lifespan. The wheat grains that are not hard will become rancid within just 2 to 3 months.
#2 The Wheat Grain Moisture Content Measurement
This is another vital parameter that helps determine the quality of the wheat grain. The moisture content of the wheat grain is accurately and precisely measured. There are various technologies powered by AI that can help determine the moisture content of the wheat grains. If the moisture content in wheat grain is too high, they will be of no use. Such wheat grain gets destroyed easily. For a healthy wheat grain, choose a wheat grain that has a low moisture content. With the lowest moisture content, the value of the wheat grain will be extremely high.
#3 The Color Of the Wheat Grain
Apart from hardness and moisture content, color also plays a crucial role in determining the quality of the wheat grain. The overall color and appearance of the wheat grain will affect the nutritional value. It will reduce the overall cost value of the wheat grain. Usually, the healthy wheat grains have a yellowish-brown color and have long grains. If you get to observe very dark brown wheat grains, their quality will most probably be of low standards.
#4 Damage On The Wheat Grains
There is another vital parameter used to determine the quality of the wheat grain. Whether you store the wheat grain for a long time or not, they are likely to get damaged by the grain critters. Many insects breed in the wheat grains and damage them. The insects damage the wheat grain by creating holes in them. Besides insects, the wheat grain may get damaged because of a fungal infection or extreme heat. If the wheat grains get damaged because of any reason, their overall quality will reduce. The loss in quality will reduce the monetary value as well.
#5 Presence Of Mycotoxins In Wheat Grains
Apart from identifying the presence of insects and fungal infections in the wheat grain, it is crucial to check if the grains are producing mycotoxins. It is a parameter that helps in determining the overall quality of the wheat grain. If the moisture content of the wheat grain is too high, it will lead to fungal infection inside the wheat grains. These fungi present in the wheat grains will produce mycotoxins and damage the wheat grains.
While buying the wheat grain from the grocery store, you must check the packaging date on the packets. If the wheat grains are close to expiration, do not buy them. If you are buying wheat grains from the bulk bins, then look out for the colors and hardness of the wheat grains. It will help you in determining the quality of the wheat grains.